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Structural Monitoring and Maintenance
  Volume 6, Number 1, March 2019, pages 33-46
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/smm.2019.6.1.033
 


Vibration modelling and structural modification of combine harvester thresher using operational modal analysis and finite element method
Hamed Ghafarzadeh Zare, Ali Maleki, Mohsen Irani Rahaghi and Majid Lashgari

 
Abstract
     In present study, Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) was employed to carry out the dynamic and vibration analysis of the threshing unit of the combine harvester thresher as a mechanical component. The main study is to find the causes of vibration and to decrease it to enhance the lifetime and efficiency of the threshing unit. By utilizing OMA, structural modal parameters such as mode shapes, natural frequencies, and damping ratio was calculated. The combine harvester was excited by engine to vibrate different parts and accelerometer sensor collected acceleration signals at different speeds, and OMA was utilized by nonparametric and frequency analysis methods to obtain modal parameters while vibrating in real working conditions. Afterwards, finite element model was designed from the thresher and updated using the data obtained from the modal analysis. Using the conducted analyses, it was specified that proximity of the thresher pass frequency to one of the natural frequencies (16.64 Hz) was the most important effect of vibration in the thresher. Modification process of the structure was carried out by increasing mass required for changing the natural frequency location of the first mode to 12.4 Hz in order to reduce resonance and vibration of the thresher.
 
Key Words
    structural modification; operational modal analysis; vibrations; thresher
 
Address
Hamed Ghafarzadeh Zare and Ali Maleki:Department of Mechanical Engineering of Biosystems, Shahrekord University, Iran
Ali Maleki: Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kashan, Iran
Majid Lashgari: Department of Mechanical Engineering of Biosystems, Arak University, Iran
 

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