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Ocean Systems Engineering
  Volume 1, Number 2, June 2011 , pages 131-155

Sloshing of liquids in partially filled tanks – a review of experimental investigations
M. Eswaran and Ujjwal K. Saha

    Liquid sloshing constitutes a broad class of problems of great practical importance with regard to the safety of liquid transportation systems, such as tank trucks on highways, liquid tank carriages on rail roads, ocean going vessels and propellant tanks in liquid rocket engines. The present work attempts to give a review of some selected experimental investigations carried out during the last couple of decades. This paper highlights the various parameters attributed to the cause of sloshing followed by effects of baffles, tank inclination, magnetic field, tuned liquid dampers, electric field etc. Further, recent developments in the study of sloshing in micro and zero gravity fields have also been reported. In view of this, fifteen research articles have been carefully chosen, and the work reported therein has been addressed and discussed. The key issues and findings have been compared, tabulated and summarized.
Key Words
    sloshing; experimental review; ER fluid; MR fluid; micro gravity.
M. Eswaran and Ujjwal K. Saha : Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati-781 039, India.

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