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  Volume 3, Number 1, February 2021 , pages 41-55
 open access

Effect of air bubbles in concrete on the mechanical behavior of RC beams strengthened in flexion by externally bonded FRP plates under uniformly distributed loading
Benferhat Rabia, Tahar Hassaine Daouadji and Rabahi Abderezak

    This article presents a theoretical study taking into account the effect of air bubbles in concrete (as a material manufacturing defect) on interfacial stresses, in reinforced concrete beams, strengthening with an externally bonded FRP composite plate. Both even distribution and uneven distribution of the air bubbles are taken into account and the effective properties of RC beams with air bubbles are defined by theoretical formula with an additional term of porosity. In particular, reliable evaluation of the adhesive shear stress and of the stress in the composite plates is mandatory in order to predict the beam's failure load. The model is based on equilibrium and deformations compatibility requirements in and all parts of the strengthened beam, i.e. the concrete beam, the FRP plate and the adhesive layer. Numerical results from the present analysis are presented both to demonstrate the advantages of the present solution over existing ones and to illustrate the main characteristics of interfacial stress distributions. This research is helpful for the understanding on mechanical behaviour of the interface and design of the hybrid structures.
Key Words
    imperfect RC beam; air bubbles, interfacial stresses; strengthening; composite plates
Benferhat Rabia, Tahar Hassaine Daouadji and Rabahi Abderezak:
Laboratory of Geomatics and sustainable development, University of Tiaret, Algeria;
Department of Civil Engineering, Ibn Khaldoun University of Tiaret, Algeria

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