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Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering
  Volume 1, Number 3, September 2014, pages 163-174
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/bme.2015.1.3.163
 
open access

Cross-linkable and water-soluble phospholipid polymer as artificial extracellular matrix
Eri Maeta and Kazuhiko Ishihara

 
Abstract
    The objective of this study is to prepare an artificial extracellular matrix (ECM) for cell culture by using polymer hydrogels. The polymer used is a cytocompatible water-soluble phospholipid polymer: poly[2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC)-n-butyl methacrylate-p-nitrophenyloxycarbonyl poly(ethylene oxide) methacrylate (MEONP)] (PMBN). The hydrogels are prepared using a cross-linking reaction between PMBN and diamine compounds, which can easily react to the MEONP moiety under mild conditions. The most favorable diamine is the bis(3-aminopropyl) poly(ethylene oxide) (APEO). The effects of cross-linking density and the chemical structure of cross-linking molecules on the mechanical properties of the hydrogel are evaluated. The storage modulus of the hydrogel is tailored by tuning the PMBN concentration and the MEONP/amino group ratio. The porous structure of the hydrogel networks depends not only on these parameters but also on the reaction temperature. We prepare a hydrogel with 40–50
 
Key Words
    phospholipid polymer; cytotoxicity; artificial extracellular matrix; hydrogel; cell culture
 
Address
Eri Maeta, Kazuhiko Ishihara: Department of Materials Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku,Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

Kazuhiko Ishihara: Department of Bioengineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
 

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