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Advances in Materials Research
  Volume 9, Number 4, December 2020 , pages 311-321
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/amr.2020.9.4.311
 

Sawdust reinforced polybenzoxazine composites: Thermal and structural properties
Ravi Krishna Swami Garigipati and Ramakrishna Malkapuram

 
Abstract
    In this study, Mangifera Indica tree sawdust reinforced bisphenol-A aniline based benzoxazine composites were prepared by varying the sawdust from 20 wt% to 45 wt%. Thermogravimetric analysis of composites revealed excellent compatibility between polybenzoxazine and sawdust from the remarkable growth in char yield from 22% (neat resin) to 36% (for highly filled) and glass transition temperature from 151 to 165°C. Ultimate weight loss of the composites evaluated from the Derivatives of TG plots. Limiting oxygen index values of the composites reported considerable growth i.e., from 28 to 32 along with the increase in filler content. Differential scanning calorimetry results showed that sawdust particles have an insignificant effect on curing temperature (219°C) for the raise in sawdust content. Structure of the sawdust, benzoxazine monomer, polybenzoxazine and composites were studied using Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy. Overall, polybenzoxazine composites with sawdust as filler showed improved thermal properties when compared with pure polybenzoxazine.
 
Key Words
    composite material; thermal properties; structural properties; sawdust; polybenzoxazine
 
Address
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vignan's Foundation for Science Technology and Research, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh-522213, India.
 

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