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CONTENTS
Volume 7, Number 3, June 2018
 

Abstract
Stability of MBC1, a specific matching boundary condition, is proved for atomic simulations of a diatomic chain. The boundary condition and the Newton equations that govern the atomic dynamics form a coupled system. Energy functions that decay along with time are constructed for both the boundary with the same type atoms and the one with different type atoms. For a nonlinear chain, MBC1 is also shown stable. Numerical verifications are presented. Moreover, MBC1 is proved to be stable for a two dimensional square lattice.

Key Words
stability; matching boundary condition; diatomic chain; two-dimensional square lattice; energy function

Address
Songsong Ji: Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing
100871, China
Shaoqiang Tang: HEDPS, CAPT and LTCS, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China

Abstract
Post-earthquake damages investigation in past and recent earthquakes has illustrated that the ground motion spatial variation plays an important role in the structural response of long span bridges. For the structural control of seismic-induced vibrations of cable-stayed bridges, it is extremely important to include the effects of the ground motion spatial variation in the analysis for design of an effective control system. The feasibility and efficiency of different vibration control strategies for the cable-stayed bridge under multiple support excitations have been examined to enhance a structure

Key Words
structural control; cable-stayed bridges; response demands; traveling wave excitation

Address
Shehata E Abdel Raheem:
1) Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Taibah University, Madinah 41411, Saudi Arabia
2) Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University, Assiut 71516, Egypt

Abstract
This study aims to investigate the capacity of different models to reproduce the nonlinear behavior of reinforced concrete framed structures. To accomplish this goal, a combined experimental and analytical research program was carried out on a large scaled reinforced concrete frame. Analyses were performed by SAP2000 and compared to experimental and VecTor2 results. Models made in SAP2000 differ in the simulation of the plasticity and the type of the frame elements used to discretize the frame structure. The results obtained allow a better understanding of the characteristics of all numerical models, helping the users to choose the best approach to perform nonlinear analysis.

Key Words
nonlinear analysis; pushover analysis; frame structure; experimental testing; numerical model; SAP2000; hinges properties

Address
Amir Salihovic and Naida Ademovic: Faculty of Civil Engineering at University of Sarajevo, Patriotske lige 30, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina


Abstract
In this paper, the vibro-acoustic behaviors of vibrational cylindrical shells are investigated by using structural intensity approach. The reducing interior noise method for vibrating cylindrical shells is proposed by altering and redistributing the structural intensity through changing the damping property of the structure. The concept of proposed novel method is based on the properties of structural intensity distribution on cylindrical shells under different load and damping conditions, which can reflects power flow in the structures. In the study, the modal formulas of structural intensity are developed for the steady state vibration of cylindrical shell structures. The detailed formulas of structural intensity are derived by substituting modal quantities, in which the effect of main parameters such as weight coefficients and distribution functions on structure intensity are analyzed and discussed. Numerical simulations are first carried out based on the structural intensity analytical solutions of modal formulas. Through simulating the coupling vibration and acoustical radiation problems of cylindrical shell, the relationship between vibro-acoustic and structural intensity distribution is derived. We find that for cylindrical shell, by properly arranging damping conditions, the structural intensity can be efficiently changed and further the noise property can be improved. The proposed methodology has important implications and potential applications in the vibration and noise control of fuselage structure.

Key Words
cylindrical shell; noise control; structural intensity; vibro-acoustic

Address
Yuran Wang, Rong Huang and Zishun Liu: International Center for Applied Mechanics, State Key Laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structure, Shaanxi Engineering Research Center of Nondestructive Testing and Structural Integrity Evaluation, Xi\'an Jiaotong University, Xi\'an, 710049, China

Abstract
When a cantilever beam with a lumped mass at its free end undergoes free transverse vibration, internal axial forces are produced in the beam. Such internal axial forces have an effect on free transverse vibration of the beam. This effect is studied in this paper. The equations of motion for the beam in terms of the generalized coordinates including the effect are derived. The method for determining free transverse vibration of the beam including the effect is presented. In numerical simulations, the results of free transverse vibration of the free end of the beam including and not including the effect are obtained. Based on comparison between the results obtained, the conclusions concerning the effect are given.

Key Words
cantilever beam; lumped mass; free transverse vibration; internal axial force; curve motion

Address
Jinfu Zhang: Department of Engineering Mechanics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi

Abstract
In the present paper, the behavior of the Karaj double curvature arch dam is studied focusing on the effects of structural nonlinearity on the responses of the dam body when an underwater explosion occurred in the reservoir medium. The explosive sources are located at different distances from the dam and the effects of the cavitation and the initial shock wave of the explosion are considered. Different amount of TNT are considered. Two different linear and nonlinear behavior are assumed in the analysis and the dam body is assumed with and without contraction joints. Radial, tangential and vertical displacements of the dam crest are obtained. Moreover, maximum and minimum principal stress distributions are plotted. Based on the results, the dam body responses are sensitive to the insertion of joints and constitutive model considered for the dam body.

Key Words
arch dam; underwater explosion; arch dam; damage plasticity; vertical joints

Address
Melika Moradi, Seyyed Meisam Aghajanzadeh, Hasan Mirzabozorg and Mahsa Alimohammadi: Civil Engineering Department, KN Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract
The Wavenumber or more accurately Wavenumber-FD approach was initially introduced for two-dimensional dynamic analysis of concrete gravity dam-reservoir systems. The technique was formulated in the context of pure finite element programming in frequency domain. Later on, a variation of the method was proposed which was referred to as Wavenumber-TD approach suitable for time domain type of analysis. Recently, it is also shown that Wavenumber-FD approach may be applied for three-dimensional dynamic analysis of concrete arch dam-reservoir systems. In the present study, application of its variation (i.e., Wavenumber-TD approach) is investigated for three-dimensional problems. The method is initially described. Subsequently, the response of idealized Morrow Point arch dam-reservoir system is obtained by this method and its special cases (i.e., two other well-known absorbing conditions) for time harmonic excitation in stream direction. All results for various considered cases are compared against the exact response for models with different values of normalized reservoir length and reservoir base/sidewalls absorptive conditions.

Key Words
concrete arch dams; wavenumber; absorbing boundary conditions; truncation boundary

Address
Vahid Lotfi: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Gerald Zenz: Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management, Department of Civil Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria


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