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Wind and Structures
  Volume 9, Number 2, March 2006 , pages 147-158

Computational fluid dynamics simulation of pedestrian wind in urban area with the effects of tree
Cheng-Hsin Chang

    The purpose of this paper is to find a more accurate method to evaluate pedestrian wind by computational fluid dynamics approach. Previous computational fluid dynamics studies of wind environmental problems were mostly performed by simplified models, which only use simple geometric shapes, such as cubes and cylinders, to represent buildings and structures. However, to have more accurate and complete evaluation results, various shapes of blocking objects, such as trees, should also be taken into consideration. The aerodynamic effects of these various shapes of objects can decrease wind velocity and increase turbulence intensity. Previous studies simply omitted the errors generated from these various shapes of blocking objects. Adding real geometrical trees to the numerical models makes the calculating domain of CFD very complicated due to geometry generation and grid meshing problems. In this case the function of Porous Media Condition can solve the problem by adding trees into numerical models without increasing the mesh grids. The comparison results between numerical and wind tunnel model are close if the parameters of porous media condition are well adjusted.
Key Words
    CFD; porous media condition; pedestrian wind; wind tunnel.
Department of Civil Engineering and Wind Engineering Research Center, Tamkang University, Tamsui, Taipei County, Taiwan

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