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Wind and Structures
  Volume 33, Number 3, September 2021 , pages 201-215

Yaw effects on train aerodynamics on a double-track viaduct: A wind tunnel study
Wenhui Li, Tanghong Liu, Pedro Martinez-Vazquez, Zhengwei Chen, Xiaoshuai Huo, Zijian Guo and Yutao Xia

    The aerodynamic performance of a scaled high-speed train model mounted on a double-track viaduct was studied through a wind tunnel test. The pressure distribution of different loops and the centerline on the streamlined nose region, as well as the aerodynamic load coefficients of the leading car were explored under yaw effects ranging from Β=-30° to Β=30°. Results showed that Reynolds effects became independent when the wind speed surpassed 40 m/s, the corresponding Re of which equals 6.51 x 105. The pressures recorded along the centerline of train nose for the upstream scenario, was more sensitive to the yaw effects as the largest pressure difference gradually broadened against yaw angles. In addition, the pressure coefficients along the centerline and symmetrical taps of the loops, approximately fit a quadratic relationship with respect to yaw angles. The presence of the tracks and viaduct decks somehow mitigated the intensity of the airflow at downstream side. The experimental test also revealed that, the upstream configuration provided higher mean side force, yawing, and rolling moments up to Β=20° whereas over that angle the force and moments exhibited the opposite performance. 40 m/s, the corresponding Re of which equals 6.51
Key Words
    aerodynamic coefficient; pressure distribution; viaduct; wind tunnel test; yaw angle
Wenhui Li, Tanghong Liu, Zhengwei Chen, Xiaoshuai Huo, Zijian Guo and Yutao Xia: Key Laboratory of Traffic Safety on Track of Ministry of Education, School of Traffic & Transportation Engineering,Central South University, Changsha 410075, PR China

Pedro Martinez-Vazquez: School of Engineering, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT, U.K.

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