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Wind and Structures
  Volume 32, Number 4, April 2021 , pages 393-403
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/was.2021.32.4.393
 


Experimental investigation of wind flow characteristics over hills and escarpments - A review
Abdul Haseeb Wani, Rajendra K. Varma, Ashok K. Ahuja

 
Abstract
    A comprehensive knowledge of the wind flow in hilly terrains is of great interest in many engineering applications, be it wind energy distribution for suitable site selection for wind farms, pollution dispersion, forest fire propagation or agro-meterological studies. Several researchers have shown that wind flow over a hilly terrain may be significantly different when compared with the wind flow over a flat terrain. Complex hilly terrains may alter the wind speed to a great extent. Therefore, this effect of terrain must be properly assessed by designers and planners to arrive at a proper wind flow distribution. This paper reviews the work done in this area over the past three decades. Wind flow over two-dimensional hills and two-dimensional escarpments investigated in wind tunnels by various researchers is presented in this paper.
 
Key Words
    wind flow; wind tunnel investigation; Hilly terrain; escarpments; Reynolds number
 
Address
Abdul Haseeb Wani:Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Jammu, Jammu-181221, J&K, India

Rajendra K. Varma:Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Jammu, Jammu-181221, J&K, India

Ashok K. Ahuja:Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Jammu, Jammu-181221, J&K, India
 

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