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Wind and Structures
  Volume 25, Number 1, July 2017 , pages 39-61

Sensitivity and vibration reduction of buffeting induced resonance of hangers
Zhitian Zhang and Weifeng Zhang

    Buffeting induced resonance (BIR) of hangers on long-suspension bridges is briefly reviewed, including mechanism and experimental verification. Taken the Xihoumen suspension bridge as a numerical example, sensitivities of the BIR of hangers to wind properties are investigated, including types of wind spectrum, turbulence intensity, and spacial coherence of wind fluctuations. Numerical simulations indicate that the BIR of hangers occur to both cases of different wind spectra, showing that it is insensitive to types of wind spectrum. On the other hand, it is found that the turbulence intensity affects buffeting of main cables almost in a linear manner, and so it does to the BIR of the hangers; however, the resonance factors, namely the ratio of the response of the hanger to that of the main cable, are little affected by the turbulence intensity. The spacial coherence of the wind fluctuations, although plays an important role on the buffeting responses of the main structure, has no substantial effects on the BIR of the hangers. Finally, replacement of steel strand with CFRP material has been verified as a very effective countermeasure against the BIR of hangers.
Key Words
    bridge; hanger; buffeting; resonance; wind property; countermeasure
Zhitian Zhang: Wind Engineering Research Center, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, China;
Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory for Wind Engineering and Bridge Engineering, Changsha, 410082, China
Weifeng Zhang: Wind Engineering Research Center, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, China

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