Techno Press
Techno Press

Wind and Structures   Volume 18, Number 4, April 2014, pages 423-441
Evaluation of mode-shape linearization for HFBB analysis of real tall buildings
K.T. Tse, X.J. Yu and P.A. Hitchcock

Abstract     [Full Text]
    The high frequency base balance (HFBB) technique is a convenient and relatively fast wind tunnel testing technique for predicting wind-induced forces for tall building design. While modern tall building design has seen a number architecturally remarkable buildings constructed recently, the characteristics of those buildings are significantly different to those that were common when the HFBB technique was originally developed. In particular, the prediction of generalized forces for buildings with 3-dimensional mode shapes has a number of inherent uncertainties and challenges that need to be overcome to accurately predict building loads and responses. As an alternative to the more conventional application of general mode shape correction factors, an analysis methodology, referred to as the linear-mode-shape (LMS) method, has been recently developed to allow better estimates of the generalized forces by establishing a new set of centers at which the translational mode shapes are linear. The LMS method was initially evaluated and compared with the methods using mode shape correction factors for a rectangular building, which was wind tunnel tested in isolation in an open terrain for five incident wind angles at 22.5o increments from 0o to 90o. The results demonstrated that the LMS method provides more accurate predictions of the wind-induced loads and building responses than the application of mode shape correction factors. The LMS method was subsequently applied to a tall building project in Hong Kong. The building considered in the current study is located in a heavily developed business district and surrounded by tall buildings and mixed terrain. The HFBB results validated the versatility of the LMS method for the structural design of an actual tall building subjected to the varied wind characteristics caused by the surroundings. In comparison, the application of mode shape correction factors in the HFBB analysis did not directly take into account the influence of the site specific characteristics on the actual wind loads, hence their estimates of the building responses have a higher variability.
Key Words
    HFBB; linear-mode-shape method; real tall building application; various site wind conditions; effects of surroundings
K.T. Tse and X.J. Yu: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology,
Hong Kong
P.A. Hitchcock: CLP Power Wind/Wave Tunnel Facility, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong

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