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Wind and Structures
  Volume 12, Number 2, March 2009 , pages 89-101

Analysis of light-frame, low-rise buildings under simulated lateral wind loads.
C. Fischer and B. Kasal

    The Monte Carlo procedure was used to simulate wind load effects on a light-frame low-rise structure of irregular shape and a main wind force resisting system. Two analytical models were studied: rigid-beam and rigid-plate models. The models assumed that roof diaphragms were rigid beam or rigid plate and shear walls controlled system behavior and failure. The parameters defining wall stiffness, including imperfections, were random and included wall stiffness, wall capacity and yield displacements. The effect of openings was included in the simulation via a set of discrete multipliers with uniform distribution. One and two-story buildings were analyzed and the models can be expanded into multiple-floor structures provided that the assumptions made in this paper are not violated.
Key Words
    low-rise building; simplified models; wind loads; stochastic analysis.
C. Fischer; Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics,
Academy of Sciences, Prosecka 76, 190 00 Prague 9, Czech Republic
B. Kasal; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Department of Architectural Engineering,
Penn State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA

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