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Smart Structures and Systems
  Volume 8, Number 3, September 2011 , pages 321-341

Frequency characteristic analysis on acoustic emission of mortar using cement-based piezoelectric sensors
Youyuan Lu and Zongjin Li

    Acoustic emission (AE) monitoring was conducted for mortar specimens under three types of static loading patterns (cubic-splitting, direct-shear and pull-out). Each of the applied loading patterns was expected to produce a particular fracture process. Subsequently, the AEs generated by various fracture or damage processes carried specific information on temporal micro-crack behaviors of concrete for post analysis, which was represented in the form of detected AE signal characteristics. Among various available characteristics of acquired AE signals, frequency content was of great interest. In this study, cement-based piezoelectric sensor (as AE transducer) and home-programmed DEcLIN monitoring system were utilized for AE monitoring on mortar. The cement-based piezoelectric sensor demonstrated enhanced sensitivity and broad frequency domain response range after being embedded into mortar specimens. This broad band characteristic of cement-based piezoelectric sensor in frequency domain response benefited the analysis of frequency content of AE. Various evaluation methods were introduced and employed to clarify the variation characteristics of AE frequency content in each test. It was found that the variation behaviors of AE frequency content exhibited a close relationship with the applied loading processes during the tests.
Key Words
    mortar; acoustic emission; cement-based piezoelectric sensor; frequency domain; energy; nondestructive testing.
Youyuan Lu and Zongjin Li: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology,Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong

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