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Smart Structures and Systems
  Volume 33, Number 4, April 2024 , pages 301-311
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/sss.2024.33.4.301
 


Crack growth prediction on a concrete structure using deep ConvLSTM
Man-Sung Kang and Yun-Kyu An

 
Abstract
    This paper proposes a deep convolutional long short-term memory (ConvLSTM)-based crack growth prediction technique for predictive maintenance of structures. Since cracks are one of the critical damage types in a structure, their regular inspection has been mandatory for structural safety and serviceability. To effectively establish the structural maintenance plan using the inspection results, crack propagation or growth prediction is essential. However, conventional crack prediction techniques based on mathematical models are not typically suitable for tracking complex nonlinear crack propagation mechanism on civil structures under harsh environmental conditions. To address the technical issue, a field data-driven crack growth prediction technique using ConvLSTM is newly proposed in this study. The proposed technique consists of the four steps: (1) time-series crack image acquisition, (2) target image stabilization, (3) deep learning-based crack detection and quantification and (4) crack growth prediction. The performance of the proposed technique is experimentally validated using a concrete mock-up specimen by applying step-wise bending loads to generate crack growth. The validation test results reveal the prediction accuracy of 94% on average compared with the ground truth obtained by field measurement.
 
Key Words
    crack growth prediction; data-driven; deep learning; image stabilization; predictive maintenance
 
Address
Department of Architectural Engineering, Sejong University, 209, Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 05006, Republic of Korea.
 

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