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Smart Structures and Systems
  Volume 28, Number 4, October 2021 , pages 455-468
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/sss.2021.28.4.455
 


Analysis, optimization and control of an adaptive tuned vibration absorber featuring magnetoactive materials
Fan Lin, Masoud Hemmatian, Ramin Sedaghati and Farhad Aghili

 
Abstract
    Excessive vibration may cause premature fatigue failure on structural components if it is not properly controlled. One effective way to attenuate vibration is to attach a tuned vibration absorber to the main structural component. Passive tuned vibration absorbers are mainly effective to attenuate vibration at a specific range of frequencies and thus they become infective under varied environmental conditions which can significantly alter the tuning frequencies. The present study aims at development of a wide-bandwidth and light-weight adaptive tuned vibration absorber (ATVA) featuring a magnetorheological elastomer (MRE) which is tuned to absorb the vibrations of a flexible beam. The accelerance transfer function is derived for both beam with and without ATVA. The effectiveness of the ATVA to control vibration of the flexible beam caused by external excitation under wide range of frequencies is demonstrated. The proposed ATVA consists of C-Shape frame with winding coils, two isometric MRE specimens with 40% volume fraction, and active mass. An empirical model for the MRE has been developed through an experimental identification method in order to predict the MRE's elastic modulus under various levels of excitation frequencies and applied magnetic fields. Using MRE models and magneto-circuit analysis, the frequency bandwidth of the ATVA is analytically obtained. The analytical model is then used to develop a multidisciplinary design optimization formulation to minimize the mass and maximize the frequency bandwidth of an ATVA featuring MRE given several geometrical and physical constraints. Finally, a tuning algorithm has been presented to determine the required applied magnetic flux density to the MRE layers based on the identified phase difference between the absolute acceleration of the host and relative acceleration of the host and ATVA's resonator.
 
Key Words
    adaptive tuned vibration absorber; design optimization; magnetorheological elastomer; vibration control
 
Address
(1) Fan Lin, Masoud Hemmatian, Ramin Sedaghati:
Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Aerospace Engineering Concordia University, Montreal, H3G 1M8, Canada;
(2) Farhad Aghili:
John H. Chapman Space Center Canadian Space Agency, 6767 Route de l'Aéroport, Saint-Hubert, Québec, J3Y 8Y9, Canada.
 

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