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Smart Structures and Systems
  Volume 28, Number 2, August 2021, pages 181-193

Performance of cement composite embeddable sensors for strain-based health monitoring of in-service structures
Rajani Kant Rao, B.S. Sindu and Saptarshi Sasmal

    There is a growing need to develop sensors which can be embedded into the structures during the construction stage itself for developing smart structures. It is preferred to develop these kinds of sensors with the material same as that of material used in construction for the sake of compatibility and better capturing the actual state of distress in the structure. Towards this, in this study cement based piezo-resistive sensors are developed with the help of conductive nano-fillers (Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs)). Since the sensors are cement based, and porous in nature, the characteristics of the sensor will vary due to water penetration into the sensor. As the structures with such embedded sensors have to perform for years, understanding the variations in the characteristics of the sensor due to pore structure is very important. In this regard, the conductivity of the sensor is assessed where the effect of dosage of CNTs, functionalization of CNTs, type of electrical conductivity measurement (both DC and AC) and pore water are the parameters. The strain sensitivity of the sensors under cyclic stress is also investigated and reported in the present study. The findings of this study will help in developing continuous health monitoring strategies using highly sensitive embeddable cement-based nanocomposites.
Key Words
    carbon nanotubes; cement-based sensors; electrical resistivity; impedance; long-term performance; SHM; tunnelling length
(1) Rajani Kant Rao, Saptarshi Sasmal:
Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad-201002, India;
(2) Rajani Kant Rao, B.S. Sindu, Saptarshi Sasmal:
Special and Multifunctional Structures Laboratory, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Taramani, Chennai-600113, India.

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