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Smart Structures and Systems
  Volume 27, Number 4, April 2021 , pages 607-621

Crowd jumping load simulation with generative adversarial networks
Jiecheng Xiong and Jun Chen

    To mathematically represent crowd jumping loads, the features of the jumping load of each person, including pulse curve patterns, pulse interval sequences, and pulse energy sequences are considered. These features are essentially highdimensional random variables. However, they have to be represented in a practically simplified model due to the lack of mathematical tools. The recently emerged generative adversarial networks (GANs) can model high-dimensional random variables well, as demonstrated in image synthesis and text generation. Therefore, this study adopts GANs as a new method for modelling crowd jumping loads. Conditional GANs (CGANs) combined with Wasserstein GANs with gradient penalty (WGANs*—GP) are used in pulse curve pattern modelling, where a multi-layer perceptron and convolutional neural network are selected as the discriminator and generator, respectively. For the pulse energy sequence and pulse interval sequence modelling, similar GANs are used, where recurrent neural networks are selected as both the generator and discriminator. Finally, crowd jumping loads can be simulated by connected the pulse samples based on the pulse energy sequence samples and interval sequence samples, generated by the three proposed GANs. The experimental individual and crowd jumping load records are utilized in training GANs to ensure their output can simulate real load records well. Finally, the feasibility of the proposed GANs was verified by comparing the measured structural responses of an existing floor to the predicted structural responses.
Key Words
    crowd jumping; human-induced vibration; deep learning; generative adversarial networks
(1) Jiecheng Xiong:
School of Civil Engineering, Zhengzhou University, 100 Kexue Road, Zhengzhou, P.R. China;
(2) Jun Chen:
College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Xinjiang University, Urmuqi, 830047, China;
(3) Jun Chen:
State Key Laboratory of Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai, P.R. China.

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