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Smart Structures and Systems
  Volume 26, Number 5, November 2020, pages 605-617

Numerical simulation of compressive to tensile load conversion for determining the tensile strength of ultra-high performance concrete
Hadi Haeri, Nader Mirshekari, Vahab Sarfarazi and Mohammad Fatehi Marji

    In this study, the experimental tests for the direct tensile strength measurement of Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) were numerically modeled by using the discrete element method (circle type element) and Finite Element Method (FEM). The experimental tests used for the laboratory tensile strength measurement is the Compressive-to-Tensile Load Conversion (CTLC) device. In this paper, the failure process including the cracks initiation, propagation and coalescence studied and then the direct tensile strength of the UHPC specimens measured by the novel apparatus i.e., CTLC device. For this purpose, the UHPC member (each containing a central hole) prepared, and situated in the CTLC device which in turn placed in the universal testing machine. The direct tensile strength of the member is measured due to the direct tensile stress which is applied to this specimen by the CTLC device. This novel device transferring the applied compressive load to that of the tensile during the testing process. The UHPC beam specimen of size 150 × 60 × 190 mm and internal hole of 75 × 60 mm was used in this study. The rate of the applied compressive load to CTLC device through the universal testing machine was 0.02 MPa/s. The direct tensile strength of UHPC was found using a new formula based on the present analyses. The numerical simulation given in this study gives the tensile strength and failure behavior of the UHPC very close to those obtained experimentally by the CTLC device implemented in the universal testing machine. The percent variation between experimental results and numerical results was found as nearly 2%. PFC2D simulations of the direct tensile strength measuring specimen and ABAQUS simulation of the tested CTLC specimens both demonstrate the validity and capability of the proposed testing procedure for the direct tensile strength measurement of UHPC specimens.
Key Words
    ultra-high performance concrete; direct tensile strength; compressive to tensile load conversion; finite element method; discrete element method
(1) Hadi Haeri:
State Key Laboratory for Deep GeoMechanics and Underground Engineering, Beijing, 100083, China
(2) Nader Mirshekari:
Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Vramin-Pishva branch, Pishva, Iran
(3) Vahab Sarfarazi:
Department of Mining Engineering, Hamedan University of Technology, Hamedan, Iran
(4) Mohammad Fatehi Marji:
Department of Mine Exploitation Engineering, Faculty of Mining and metallurgy, Institute of Engineering, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran

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