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Smart Structures and Systems
  Volume 20, Number 5, November 2017 , pages 525-537

Vibration control of a time-varying modal-parameter footbridge:study of semi-active implementable strategies
José M. Soria, Iván M. Díazand Jaime H. García-Palacios

    This paper explores different vibration control strategies for the cancellation of human-induced vibration on a structure with time-varying modal parameters. The main motivation of this study is a lively urban stress-ribbon footbridge (Pedro Gómez Bosque, Valladolid, Spain) that, after a whole-year monitoring, several natural frequencies within the band of interest (normal paring frequency range) have been tracked. The most perceptible vibration mode of the structure at approximately 1.8 Hz changes up to 20%. In order to find a solution for this real case, this paper takes the annual modal parameter estimates (approx. 14000 estimations) of this mode and designs three control strategies: a) a tuned mass damper (TMD) tuned to the most-repeated modal properties of the aforementioned mode, b) two semi-active TMD strategies, one with an on-off control law for the TMD damping, and other with frequency and damping tuned by updating the damper force. All strategies have been carefully compared considering two structure models: a) only the aforementioned mode and b) all the other tracked modes. The results have been compared considering human-induced vibrations and have helped the authors on making a decision of the most advisable strategy to be practically implemented.
Key Words
    semi-active vibration control; dynamic behavior; time-varying modal-parameters; human-induced vibration; footbridge
José M. Soria, Iván M. Díazand Jaime H. García-Palacios: Department of Continuous Medium Mechanics and Theory of Structures, ETS Ingenieros de Caminos,
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, ES 28040, Madrid, Spain


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