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Smart Structures and Systems
  Volume 16, Number 5, November 2015 , pages 919-935

EMD-based output-only identification of mode shapes of linear structures
Soheil Ramezani and Omid Bahar

    The Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) consists of empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and Hilbert spectral analysis. EMD has been successfully applied for identification of mode shapes of structures based on input-output approaches. This paper aims to extend application of EMD for output-only identification of mode shapes of linear structures. In this regard, a new simple and efficient method based on band-pass filtering and EMD is proposed. Having rather accurate estimates of modal frequencies from measured responses, the proposed method is capable to extract the corresponding mode shapes. In order to evaluate the accuracy and performance of the proposed identification method, two case studies are considered. In the first case, the performance of the method is validated through the analysis of simulated responses obtained from an analytical structural model with known dynamical properties. The low-amplitude responses recorded from the UCLA Factor Building during the 2004 Parkfield earthquake are used in the second case to identify the first three mode shapes of the building in three different directions. The results demonstrate the remarkable ability of the proposed method in correct estimation of mode shapes of the linear structures based on rather accurate modal frequencies.
Key Words
    output-only modal identification; mode shapes; Hilbert-Huang transform; empirical mode decomposition; intrinsic mode function; UCLA Factor Building
Soheil Ramezani and Omid Bahar: Department of Structural Engineering, International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, 21 Arghavan, North Dibajee, Farmanieh, Tehran, Iran

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