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Smart Structures and Systems
  Volume 16, Number 4, October 2015 , pages 743-758

Life cycle cost analysis and smart operation mode of ground source heat pump system
Seok Yoon and Seung-Rae Lee

    This paper presents an advanced life cycle cost (LCC) analysis of a ground source heat pump (GSHP) system and suggests a smart operation mode with a thermal performance test (TPT) and an energy pile system constructed on the site of the Incheon International Airport (IIA). First, an economic analysis of the GSHP system was conducted for the second passenger terminal of the IIA considering actual influencing factors such as government support and the residual value of the equipment. The analysis results showed that the economic efficiency of the GSHP system could be increased owing to several influential factors. Second, a multiple regression analysis was conducted using different independent variables in order to analyze the influence indices with regard to the LCC results. Every independent index, in this case the initial construction cost, lifespan of the equipment, discount rate and the amount of price inflation can affect the LCC results. Third, a GSHP system using an energy pile was installed on the site of the construction laboratory institute of the IIA. TPTs of W-shape and spiral-coil-type GHEs were conducted in continuous and intermittent operation modes, respectively, prior to system operation of the energy pile. A cooling GSHP system in the energy pile was operated in both the continuous and intermittent modes, and the LCC was calculated. Furthermore, the smart operation mode and LCC were analyzed considering the application of a thermal storage tank.
Key Words
    life cycle cost; ground source heat pump; energy pile; smart operation mode
Seok Yoon and Seung-Rae Lee: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Korean Advanced Institute for Science and Technology, 291Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea

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