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Smart Structures and Systems
  Volume 15, Number 3, March 2015 , pages 505-522

Mechanisms of thermally induced deflection of a long-span cable-stayed bridge
Yi Zhou, Limin Sun and Zhijian Peng

    Variation of temperature is a primary environmental factor that affects the behavior of structures. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms of normal temperature-induced variations of structural behavior would help in distinguishing them from anomalies. In this study, we used the structural health monitoring data of the Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge, a steel girder cable-stayed bridge, to investigate the mechanisms of thermally induced vertical deflection (DT) at mid-span of such bridges. The DT results from a multisource combination of thermal expansion effects of the cable temperature (TCab), girder temperature (TGir), girder differential temperature (TDif), and tower temperature (TTow). It could be approximated by multiple linear superpositions under operational conditions. The sensitivities of DT of the Shanghai Yangtze River Bridge to the above temperatures were in the following order: TCab > TGir > TTow > TDif . However, the direction of the effect of TCab was observed to be opposite to that of the other three temperatures, and the magnitudes of the effects of TCab and TGir were found to be almost one order greater than those of TDif and TTow . The mechanisms of the thermally induced vertical deflection variation at mid-span of a cable-stayed bridge as well as the analytical methodology adopted in this study could be applicable for other long-span cable-stayed bridges.
Key Words
    cable-stayed bridge; temperature effect; mid-span deflection; mechanisms; structural health monitoring
Yi Zhou and Limin Sun: State Key Lab for Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092, P.R. China
Zhijian Peng: Shanghai Highway Investment Construction & Development Co., Ltd., Shanghai, 200335, P.R. China

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