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Structural Monitoring and Maintenance
  Volume 8, Number 2, June 2021, pages 167-186
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/smm.2021.8.2.167
 
open access

Unscented Kalman filter approach for tracking physical and dynamic properties of structures: Validation for multi-story buildings under seismic excitation
Carlos A. Gaviria and Luis A. Montejo

 
Abstract
    An improved unscented Kalman filter approach is implemented to estimate induced displacements and changes in structural properties (stiffness, frequencies and damping) during the forced dynamic response of multistory buildings to seismic excitations. The methodology is validated using a fiber-based nonlinear model of a 4- story 4-bays reinforced concrete (RC) frame building subjected to a set of earthquakes causing different levels of inelastic demand on the structure. The variation of the dynamic properties is successfully estimated by iterative updating the filter parameters. The estimated peak values of stiffness and damping reached during the seismic excitation agree with peak inelastic demand values and seem appropriate for detection and damage diagnosis of RC structures.
 
Key Words
    health monitoring; kalman filter; reinforced concrete; earthquake; multiple degree of freedom; openSees
 
Address
(1) Carlos A. Gaviria:
Civil Engineering Program, Facultad de Estudios a Distancia, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Colombia;
(2) Luis A. Montejo:
Department of Engineering Sciences and Materials, University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez, Puerto Rico.
 

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