Techno Press
Techno Press

Structural Monitoring and Maintenance   Volume 4, Number 2, June 2017, pages 153-173
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/smm.2017.4.2.153
 
Experimental axial force identification based on modified Timoshenko beam theory
Dong-sheng Li, Yong-qiang Yuan, Kun-peng Li and Hong-nan Li

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    An improved method is presented to estimate the axial force of a bar member with vibrational measurements based on modified Timoshenko beam theory. Bending stiffness effects, rotational inertia, shear deformation, rotational inertia caused by shear deformation are all taken into account. Axial forces are estimated with certain natural frequency and corresponding mode shape, which are acquired from dynamic tests with five accelerometers. In the paper, modified Timoshenko beam theory is first presented with the inclusion of axial force and rotational inertia effects. Consistent mass and stiffness matrices for the modified Timoshenko beam theory are derived and then used in finite element simulations to investigate force identification accuracy under different boundary conditions and the influence of critical axial force ratio. The deformation coefficient which accounts for rotational inertia effects of the shearing deformation is discussed, and the relationship between the changing wave speed and the frequency is comprehensively examined to improve accuracy of the deformation coefficient. Finally, dynamic tests are conducted in our laboratory to identify progressive axial forces of a steel plate and a truss structure respectively. And the axial forces identified by the proposed method are in good agreement with the forces measured by FBG sensors and strain gauges. A significant advantage of this axial force identification method is that no assumption on boundary conditions is needed and excellent force identification accuracy can be achieved.
 
Key Words
    axial force identification; modified Timoshenko beam theory; truss structure; dynamic test
 
Address
Dong-sheng Li, Yong-qiang Yuan, Kun-peng Li and Hong-nan Li: State Key Laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, China
 

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