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Structural Monitoring and Maintenance
  Volume 3, Number 1, March 2016, pages 51-69
open access

Structural monitoring and identification of civil infrastructure in the United States
Satish Nagarajaiah and Kalil Erazo

    Monitoring the performance and estimating the remaining useful life of aging civil infrastructure in the United States has been identified as a major objective in the civil engineering community. Structural health monitoring has emerged as a central tool to fulfill this objective. This paper presents a review of the major structural monitoring programs that have been recently implemented in the United States, focusing on the integrity and performance assessment of large-scale structural systems. Applications where response data from a monitoring program have been used to detect and correct structural deficiencies are highlighted. These applications include (but are not limited to): i) Post-earthquake damage assessment of buildings and bridges; ii) Monitoring of cables vibration in cable-stayed bridges; iii) Evaluation of the effectiveness of technologies for retrofit and seismic protection, such as base isolation systems; and iv) Structural damage assessment of bridges after impact loads resulting from ship collisions. These and many other applications show that a structural health monitoring program is a powerful tool for structural damage and condition assessment, that can be used as part of a comprehensive decision-making process about possible actions that can be undertaken in a large-scale civil infrastructure system after potentially damaging events.
Key Words
    structural health monitoring; system identification; civil infrastructure systems; structural damage assessment
Satish Nagarajaiah and Kalil Erazo: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Rice University, Houston TX 77005, USA

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