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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 79, Number 5, September10 2021 , pages 619-639

Frequency-based tension assessment of an inclined cable with complex boundary conditions using the PSO algorithm
Wen-ming Zhang, Zhi-wei Wang, Dan-dian Feng and Zhao Liu

    The frequency-based method is the most commonly used method for measuring cable tension. However, the calculation formulas for the conventional frequency-based method are generally based on the ideally hinged or fixed boundary conditions without a comprehensive consideration of the inclination angle, sag-extensibility, and flexural stiffness of cables, leading to a significant error in cable tension identification. This study aimed to propose a frequency-based method of cable tension identification considering the complex boundary conditions at the two ends of cables using the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. First, the refined stay cable model was established considering the inclination angle, flexural stiffness, and sag-extensibility, as well as the rotational constraint stiffness and lateral support stiffness for the unknown boundaries of cables. The vibration mode equation of the stay cable model was discretized and solved using the finite difference method. Then, a multiparameter identification method based on the PSO algorithm was proposed. This method was able to identify the tension, flexural stiffness, axial stiffness, boundary rotational constraint stiffness, and boundary lateral support stiffness according to the measured multiorder frequencies in a synchronous manner. The feasibility and accuracy of this method were validated through numerical cases. Finally, the proposed approach was applied to the tension identification of the anchor span strands of a suspension bridge (Jindong Bridge) in China. The results of cable tension identification using the proposed method and the existing methods discussed in previous studies were compared with the on-site pressure ring measurement results. The comparison showed that the proposed approach had a high accuracy in cable tension identification. Moreover, the synchronous identification of the flexural stiffness, axial stiffness, boundary rotational constraint stiffness, and boundary lateral support stiffness was highly beneficial in improving the results of cable tension identification.
Key Words
    boundary constraint stiffness; cable tension; finite difference method; frequency-based method; multiparameter identification; particle swarm optimization algorithm
Wen-ming Zhang, Zhi-wei Wang, Dan-dian Feng and Zhao Liu: The Key Laboratory of Concrete and Prestressed Concrete Structures of the Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China

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