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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 78, Number 1, April10 2021 , pages 53-66

Damage index based seismic risk generalization for concrete gravity dams considering FFDI
Tahmina T. Nahar, Md M. Rahman and Dookie Kim

    The determination of the damage index to reveal the performance level of a structure can constitute the seismic risk generalization approach based on the parametric analysis. This study implemented this concept to one kind of civil engineering structure that is the concrete gravity dam. Different cases of the structure exhibit their individual responses, which constitute different considerations. Therefore, this approach allows the parametric study of concrete as well as soil for evaluating the seismic nature in the generalized case. To ensure that the target algorithm applicable to most of the concrete gravity dams, a very simple procedure has been considered. In order to develop a correlated algorithm (by response surface methodology; RSM) between the ground motion and the structural property, randomized sampling was adopted through a stochastic method called half-fractional central composite design. The responses in the case of fluid-foundation-dam interaction (FFDI) make it more reliable by introducing the foundation as being bounded by infinite elements. To evaluate the seismic generalization of FFDI models, incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) was carried out under the impacts of various earthquake records, which have been selected from the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center data. Here, the displacement-based damage indexed fragility curves have been generated to show the variation in the seismic pattern of the dam. The responses to the sensitivity analysis of the various parameters presented here are the most effective controlling factors for the concrete gravity dam. Finally, to establish the accuracy of the proposed approach, reliable verification was adopted in this study.
Key Words
    seismic risk generalization; damage index; response surface methodology; fluid-foundation-dam interaction; fragility analysis; concrete gravity dams
Tahmina T. Nahar: Department of Civil Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna-6600, Bangladesh
Md M. Rahman: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Kunsan National University, Gunsan-si, Republic of Korea
Dookie Kim: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Kongju National University, Cheonan-si, Republic of Korea

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