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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 74, Number 6, June25 2020, pages 723-735
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sem.2020.74.6.723
 


Numerical modeling and prediction of adhesion failure of adhesively bonded composite T-Joint structure
Subhransu K Panda, Pradeep K Mishra, Subrata K Panda

 
Abstract
    This study is reported the adhesion failure in adhesive bonded composite and specifically for the T-joint structure. Three-dimensional finite element analysis has been performed using a commercial tool and the necessary outcomes are obtained via an eight noded solid element (Solid 185-element) from the library of ANSYS. The structural analysis input has been incurred through ANSYS parametric design language (APDL) code. The normal and shear stress distributions along different layers of the joint structure have been evaluated as the final outcomes. Based on the stress distributions, failure location in the composite joint structure has been identified by using the Tsai-Wu stress failure criterion. It has been found that the failure index is maximum at the interface between flange and web part of the joint (top layer) which indicates the probable location of failure initiation. This kind of failures are considered as adhesion failure and the failure propagation is governed by strain energy release rate (SERR) of fracture mechanics. The different adhesion failure lengths are also considered at the failure location to calculate the SERR values i.e. mode I fracture (opening), mode II fracture (sliding) and mode III fracture (tearing) along the failure front. Also, virtual crack closure technique (VCCT) principle of fracture mechanics steps is used to calculate the above said SERRs. It is found that the mode I SERR is more dominating compared to other two modes of failure for the joint considered. Finally, the influences of various parametric (geometrical and material) effect on SERR of the joint structure are evaluated and discussed in details.
 
Key Words
    adhesion; delamination; failure index; SERR; T-joint; Tsai-Wu criterion; VCCT principle
 
Address
Subhransu K Panda, Pradeep K Mishra: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Centre for Advanced Post Graduate Studies, BPUT-769004, Rourkela, Odisha, India
Subrata K Panda: Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT Rourkela, Rourkela-769008, Odisha, India
 

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