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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 74, Number 5, June10 2020, pages 611-633

A comprehensive review on the modeling of smart piezoelectric nanostructures
Farzad Ebrahimi, S.H.S. Hosseini and Abhinav Singhal

    In this paper, a comprehensive review of nanostructures that exhibit piezoelectric behavior on all mechanical, buckling, vibrational, thermal and electrical properties is presented. It is firstly explained vast application of materials with their piezoelectric property and also introduction of other properties. Initially, more application of material which have piezoelectric property is introduced. Zinc oxide (ZnO), boron nitride (BN) and gallium nitride (GaN) respectively, are more application of piezoelectric materials. The nonlocal elasticity theory and piezoelectric constitutive relations are demonstrated to evaluate problems and analyses. Three different approaches consisting of atomistic modeling, continuum modeling and nano-scale continuum modeling in the investigation atomistic simulation of piezoelectric nanostructures are explained. Focusing on piezoelectric behavior, investigation of analyses is performed on fields of surface and small scale effects, buckling, vibration and wave propagation. Different investigations are available in literature focusing on the synthesis, applications and mechanical behaviors of piezoelectric nanostructures. In the study of vibration behavior, researches are studied on fields of linear and nonlinear, longitudinal and transverse, free and forced vibrations. This paper is intended to provide an introduction of the development of the piezoelectric nanostructures. The key issue is a very good understanding of mechanical and electrical behaviors and characteristics of piezoelectric structures to employ in electromechanical systems.
Key Words
    piezoelectric; boron nitride; nanostructure; continuum modeling; mechanical properties
Farzad Ebrahimi, S.H.S. Hosseini: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, 3414916818, Qazvin, Iran
Abhinav Singhal:Department of mathematics, Madanapalle Institute of technology and sciences, Madanapalle-517325, Andhra Pradesh, India

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