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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 74, Number 1, April10 2020, pages 55-67
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sem.2020.74.1.055
 


Extreme value modeling of structural load effects with non-identical distribution using clustering
Junyong Zhou, Xin Ruan, Xuefei Shi and Chudong Pan

 
Abstract
    The common practice to predict the characteristic structural load effects (LEs) in long reference periods is to employ the extreme value theory (EVT) for building limit distributions. However, most applications ignore that LEs are driven by multiple loading events and thus do not have the identical distribution, a prerequisite for EVT. In this study, we propose the composite extreme value modeling approach using clustering to (a) cluster initial blended samples into finite identical distributed subsamples using the finite mixture model, expectation-maximization algorithm, and the Akaike information criterion; (b) combine limit distributions of subsamples into a composite prediction equation using the generalized Pareto distribution based on a joint threshold. The proposed approach was validated both through numerical examples with known solutions and engineering applications of bridge traffic LEs on a long-span bridge. The results indicate that a joint threshold largely benefits the composite extreme value modeling, many appropriate tail approaching models can be used, and the equation form is simply the sum of the weighted models. In numerical examples, the proposed approach using clustering generated accurate extrema prediction of any reference period compared with the known solutions, whereas the common practice of employing EVT without clustering on the mixture data showed large deviations. Real-world bridge traffic LEs are driven by multi-events and present multipeak distributions, and the proposed approach is more capable of capturing the tendency of tailed LEs than the conventional approach. The proposed approach is expected to have wide applications to general problems such as samples that are driven by multiple events and that do not have the identical distribution.
 
Key Words
    structural load effect; extreme value modeling; clustering; non-identical distribution; peaks over threshold; generalized Pareto distribution
 
Address
Junyong Zhou, Chudong Pan:Guangzhou University
Xin Ruan, Xuefei Shi:Tongji University
 

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