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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 71, Number 5, September10 2019 , pages 563-576

The significance of removing shear walls in existing low-rise RC frame buildings – Sustainable approach
Reza Keihani, Ali Bahadori-Jahromi and Charles Goodchild

    According to The Concrete Centre, in the UK shear walls have become an inseparable part of almost every reinforced concrete frame building. Recently, the construction industry has questioned the need for shear walls in low to mid-rise RC frame buildings. This study tried to address the issue in two stages: The first stage, the feasibility of removing shear walls in an existing design for a residential building where ETABS and CONCEPT software were used to investigate the structural performance and cost-effectiveness respectively. The second stage, the same structure was examined in various locations in the UK to investigate regional effects. This study demonstrated that the building without shear wall could provide adequate serviceability and strength within the safe range defined by Eurocodes. As a result, construction time, overall cost and required concrete volume are reduced which in turn enhance the sustainability of concrete construction.
Key Words
    low-rise RC buildings; wind actions; sustainability; non-linear static analysis; cost-effectiveness
Reza Keihani: School of Computing and Engineering, University of West London, London, UK, W5 5RF
Ali Bahadori-Jahromi: Civil Engineering, School of Computing and Engineering, University of West London, London, UK, W5 5RF
Charles Goodchild: the Concrete Centre, London, UK, SW1V 1HU

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