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Structural Engineering and Mechanics   Volume 71, Number 5, September10 2019, pages 553-562
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2019.71.5.553
 
Accuracy of incidental dynamic analysis of mobile elevating work platforms
Miomir L.J. Jovanović, Goran N. Radoičić and Vladimir S. Stojanović

 
Abstract     [Buy Article]
    This paper presents the results of a study into the dynamic behaviour of a support structure of a mobile elevating work platform. The vibrations of the mechanical system of the observed structure are examined analytically, numerically, and experimentally. Within the analytical examination, a simple mathematical model is developed to describe free and forced vibrations. The dynamic analysis of the mechanical system is conducted using a discrete dynamic model with a reduced number of vibrational degrees of freedom. On the basis of the expression for the system energy, and by applying Lagrange\'s equations of the second kind, differential equations are derived for system vibrations, frequencies are determined, and the laws of forced platform vibration are established. At the same time, a nonlinear FEM model is developed and the laws of free and forced vibration are determined. The experimental and numerical part of the study deal with the examination of the real structure in extreme conditions, taking into account: the lowest eigenfrequency, forced actions that could endanger the general stability, the maximal amplitudes, and the acceleration of the work platform. The obtained analytical and numerical results are compared with the experiments. The experimental verification points to the adverse behaviour of the platform in excitation cases – swaying. In such a situation, even a relatively small physical force can lead to unacceptably high amplitudes of displacement and acceleration – exceeding the usual work values.
 
Key Words
    experiment; FEM; frame structures; incidental dynamic analysis; mechanical model; numerical simulation
 
Address
Miomir L.J. Jovanović and Vladimir S. Stojanović: University of Niš, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Str. Al. Medvedev 14, Niš 18000, Serbia
Goran N. Radoičić: University
 

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