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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 70, Number 3, May10 2019, pages 289-301

A new practical equivalent linear model for estimating seismic hysteretic energy demand of bilinear systems
Maryam Samimifar, Ali Massumi and Abdolreza S. Moghadam

    Hysteretic energy is defined as energy dissipated through inelastic deformations during a ground motion by the system. It includes frequency content and duration of ground motion as two remarkable parameters, while these characteristics are not seen in displacement spectrum. Since maximum displacement individually cannot be the appropriate criterion for damage assessment, hysteretic energy has been evaluated in this research as a more comprehensive seismic demand parameter. An innovative methodology has been proposed to establish a new equivalent linear model to estimate hysteretic energy spectrum for bilinear SDOF models under two different sets of earthquake excitations. Error minimization has been defined in the space of equivalent linearization concept, which resulted in equivalent damping and equivalent period as representative parameters of the linear model. Nonlinear regression analysis was carried out for predicting these equivalent parameter as a function of ductility. The results also indicate differences between seismic demand characteristics of far-field and near-field ground motions, which are not identified by most of previous equations presented for predicting seismic energy. The main advantage of the proposed model is its independency on parameters related to earthquake and response characteristics, which has led to more efficiency as well as simplicity. The capability of providing a practical energy based seismic performance evaluation is another outstanding feature of the proposed model.
Key Words
    linearization; hysteretic energy; seismic demand; equivalent period; equivalent damping; far-field; near-field
1Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2Structural Engineering Research Center, International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran

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