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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 68, Number 4, November25 2018 , pages 385-398

The use of the strain approach to develop a new consistent triangular thin flat shell finite element with drilling rotation
Hamza Guenfoud, Mohamed Himeur, Hassina Ziou and Mohamed Guenfoud

    In the present paper, we offer a new flat shell finite element. It is the result of the combination of a membrane element and a bending element, both based on the strain-based formulation. It is known that Co plane membrane elements provide poor deflection and stress for problems where bending is dominant. In addition, they encounter continuity and compliance problems when they connect to C1 class plate elements. The reach of the present work is to surmount these problems when a membrane element is coupled with a thin plate element in order to construct a shell element. The membrane element used is a triangular element with four nodes, three nodes at the vertices of the triangle and the fourth one at its barycenter. Each node has three degrees of freedom, two translations and one rotation around the normal. The coefficients related to the degrees of freedom at the internal node are subsequently removed from the element stiffness matrix by using the static condensation technique. The interpolation functions of strain, displacements and stresses fields are developed from equilibrium conditions. The plate element used for the construction of the present shell element is a triangular four-node thin plate element based on Kirchhoff plate theory, the strain approach, the four fictitious node, the static condensation and the analytic integration. The shell element result of this combination is robust, competitive and efficient.
Key Words
    finite element method; membrane; plate; shell; condensation; deformation approach; drilling rotation
Hamza Guenfoud, Mohamed Himeur and Mohamed Guenfoud: LGCH Laboratory, 8 Mai 1945 University of Guelma, Algeria
Hassina Ziou: Mohamed Khider University, Biskra, Algeria

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