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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 68, Number 3, November10 2018 , pages 289-297

Effects of deviation in materials strengths on the lateral strength and damage of RC frames
Ali Massumi, Kabir Sadeghi and Ehsan Moshtagh

    The real behavior of the RC structures constructed based on the assumed specifications of the used materials is matched with the designed ones when the assumed and the applied specifications in construction are the same. Despite in the construction phase of the reinforced concrete (RC) structures always it is tried to implement the same specifications of materials as given in the executive drawings, but considering the unpredicted/uncontrolled parameters that affect the specification of materials, always there is a deviation between the constructed and the designed materials\' specifications. The objective of this paper is to submit a guideline for the evaluation of the strength and damage to the existing RC structures encountered deviation in materials\' strengths. To achieve this goal, the lateral strength (plastic behaviors) and damage to twenty-five RC moment-resisting frames (MRFs) are studied by applying the inelastic analysis. In this study, a couple of concrete and reinforcement strengths\' deviations are investigated. The obtained results indicate that in general, there is a semi-linear relationship between the deviation in the strength of reinforcement and the changes in the lateral strength values of the MRFs. The relative effect of the deviation in the strength of reinforcements is more than the relative effect of the deviation in the concrete strength on the damage rate. The obtained results could be a guideline for the engineers in the survey of the existing buildings encountered deviation in materials\' strengths during their construction phase.
Key Words
    deviation; strength; material; inelastic; vulnerability; damage
Ali Massumi: Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kharazmi University, Tehran, 15719-14911, Iran
Kabir Sadeghi: Civil Engineering and Environmental Faculty, Near East University, North Cyprus, Via Mersin 10, Turkey
Ehsan Moshtagh: School of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

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