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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 65, Number 3, February10 2018 , pages 303-314
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2018.65.3.303
 


Performance comparison of shear walls with openings designed using elastic stress and genetic evolutionary structural optimization methods
Hu Z. Zhang, Xia Liu, Wei J. Yi and Yao H. Deng

 
Abstract
    Shear walls are a typical member under a complex stress state and have complicated mechanical properties and failure modes. The separated-elements model Genetic Evolutionary Structural Optimization (GESO), which is a combination of an elastic-plastic stress method and an optimization method, has been introduced in the literature for designing such members. Although the separated-elements model GESO method is well recognized due to its stability, feasibility, and economy, its adequacy has not been experimentally verified. This paper seeks to validate the adequacy of the separated-elements model GESO method against experimental data and demonstrate its feasibility and advantages over the traditional elastic stress method. Two types of reinforced concrete shear wall specimens, which had the location of an opening in the middle bottom and the center region, respectively, were utilized for this study. For each type, two specimens were designed using the separated-elements model GESO method and elastic stress method, respectively. All specimens were subjected to a constant vertical load and an incremental lateral load until failure. Test results indicated that the ultimate bearing capacity, failure modes, and main crack types of the shear walls designed using the two methods were similar, but the ductility indexes including the stiffness degradation, deformability, reinforcement yielding, and crack development of the specimens designed using the separated-elements model GESO method were superior to those using the elastic stress method. Additionally, the shear walls designed using the separated-elements model GESO method, had a reinforcement layout which could closely resist the actual critical stress, and thus a reduced amount of steel bars were required for such shear walls.
 
Key Words
    shear wall; openings; genetic evolutionary algorithm; separated-elements model GESO; elastic stress method; structural optimization design
 
Address
Hu Z. Zhang:
1) Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Structures for Wind Resistance and Vibration Control, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan, China
2) Hunan Provincial Key Lab on Damage Diagnosis for Engineering Structures, Hunan University, Changsha, China
Xia Liu, Wei J. Yi and Yao H. Deng: Hunan Provincial Key Lab on Damage Diagnosis for Engineering Structures, Hunan University, Changsha, China
 

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