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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 65, Number 1, January10 2018 , pages 53-68
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2018.65.1.053
 


Damage controlled optimum seismic design of reinforced concrete framed structures
Sadjad Gharehbaghi

 
Abstract
    In this paper, an innovative procedure is proposed for the seismic design of reinforced concrete frame structures. The main contribution of the proposed procedure is to minimize the construction cost, considering the uniform damage distribution over the height of structure due to earthquake excitations. As such, this procedure is structured in the framework of an optimization problem, and the initial construction cost is chosen as the objective function. The aim of uniform damage distribution is reached through a design constraint in the optimization problem. Since this aim requires defining allowable degree of damage, a damage pattern based on the concept of global collapse mechanism is presented. To show the efficiency of the proposed procedure, the uniform damage-based optimum seismic design is compared with two other seismic design procedures, which are the strength-based optimum seismic design and the damage-based optimum seismic design. By using the three different seismic design methods, three reinforced concrete frames including six-, nine-, and twelve-story with three bays are designed optimally under a same artificial earthquake. Then, to show the effects of the uniform damage distribution, all three optimized frames are used for seismic damage analysis under a suite of earthquake records. The results show that the uniform damage-based optimum seismic design method renders a design that will suffer less damage under severe earthquakes.
 
Key Words
    structural damage; collapse mechanism; seismic damage analysis; reinforced concrete; construction cost; optimization
 
Address
Sadjad Gharehbaghi: Department of Civil Engineering, Behbahan Khatam Alanbia University of Technology, Behbahan, Iran
 

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