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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 64, Number 6, December25 2017 , pages 819-826
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2017.64.6.819
 


Nanomechanical properties and wear resistance of dental restorative materials
A. Karimzadeh, Majid R. Ayatollahi, M. Nikkhooyifar and A.R. Bushroa

 
Abstract
    The effects of thermocycling procedure and material shade on the mechanical properties and wear resistance of resin-based dental restorative materials are investigated. The modulus of elasticity, hardness, plasticity index and wear resistance are determined for the conventional composite, the nanohybrid composite and the nanofilled dental composites. Disc-shape samples are prepared from each material to investigate the effects of thermocycling procedure on the mechanical properties and wear resistance of different types of dental restorative materials. In this respect, a group of samples is thermocycled and the other group is stored in ambient conditions. Then nano-indentation and nano-scratch tests are performed on the samples to measure their mechanical properties and wear resistance. Results show that the A1E shade of the dental nanocomposite possesses higher modulus of elasticity and hardness values compared to the two other shades. According to the experimental results, the mean values for the modulus of elasticity and hardness of the A1E shade of the nanocomposite are 13.71 GPa and 1.08 GPa, respectively. The modulus of elasticity and hardness of the conventional dental composite increase around 30 percent in the oral environment due to the moisture and temperature changes. The wear resistance of the dental composites is also significantly affected by moisture and temperature changes in the oral conditions. It is observed that thermocycling has no significant effect on the hardness, plasticity index and wear resistance of the nanohybrid composite and the nanocomposite dental materials.
 
Key Words
    dental restorative polymers; nano-indentation experiment; nano-scratch experiment; surface analysis; thermocycling effect
 
Address
A. Karimzadeh : Fatigue and Fracture Laboratory, Center of Excellence in Experimental Solid Mechanics and Dynamics

Majid R. Ayatollahi : Fatigue and Fracture Laboratory, Center of Excellence in Experimental Solid Mechanics and Dynamics

M. Nikkhooyifar : Fatigue and Fracture Laboratory, Center of Excellence in Experimental Solid Mechanics and Dynamics

A.R. Bushroa : Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia; Centre of Advanced Manufacturing and Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya,
Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
 

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