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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 64, Number 5, December10 2017, pages 641-652

Influence of joint modelling on the pushover analysis of a RC frame
Ricardo Costa, Paulo Providência and Miguel Ferreira

    In general, conventional analysis and design of reinforced concrete (RC) frame structures overlook the role of beamcolumn (RCBC) joints. Nowadays, the rigid joint model is one of the most common for RCBC joints: the joint is assumed to be rigid (unable to deform) and stronger than the adjacent beams and columns (does not fail before them). This model is popular because (i) the application of the capacity design principles excludes the possibility of the joint failing before the adjacent beams and (ii) many believe that the actual behaviour of RCBC joints designed according to the seismic codes produced mainly after the 1980s can be assumed to be nominally rigid. This study investigates the relevance of the deformation of RCBC joints in a standard pushover analysis at several levels: frame, storey, element and cross-section. Accordingly, a RC frame designed according to preliminary versions of EN 1992-1-1 and EN 1998-1 was analysed, considering the nonlinear behaviour of beams and columns by means of a standard sectional fibre model. Two alternative models were used for the RCBC joints: the rigid model and an explicit component based nonlinear model. The effect of RCBC joints modelling was found to be twofold: (i) the flexibility of the joints substantially increases the frame lateral deformation for a given load (30 to 50%), and (ii) in terms of seismic performance, it was found that joint flexibility (ii-1) appears to have a minor effect on the force and displacement corresponding to the performance point (seismic demand assessed at frame level), but (ii-2) has a major influence on the seismic demand when assessed at storey, element and cross-section levels.
Key Words
    beam-column joint; reinforced concrete cast-in-situ frames structures; pushover analysis; nonlinear behaviour
Ricardo Costa : Department of Civil Engineering, ISISE, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

Paulo Providência : Department of Civil Engineering, INESC Coimbra, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

Miguel Ferreira : CERIS, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal

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