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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 64, Number 2, October25 2017, pages 243-257

Effectiveness of fibers and binders in high-strength concrete under chemical corrosion
Mahdi Nematzadeh and Saber Fallah-Valukolaee

    Investigating the properties and durability of high-strength concrete exposed to sulfuric acid attack for the purpose of its application in structures exposed to this acid is of outmost importance. In this research, the resistance and durability of highstrength concrete containing macro-polymeric or steel fibers together with the pozzolans of silica fume or nano-silica against sulfuric acid attack are explored. To accomplish this goal, in total, 108 high-strength concrete specimens were made with 9 different mix designs containing macro-polymeric and steel fibers at the volume fractions of 0.5, 0.75, and 1.0%, as well as the pozzolans of silica fume and nano-silica with the replacement levels of 10 and 2%, respectively. After placing the specimens inside a 5% sulfuric acid solution in the periods of 7, 21, and 63 days of immersion, the effect of adding the fibers and pozzolans on the compressive properties, ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV), and weight loss of high-strength concrete was investigated and the respective results were compared with those of the reference specimens. The obtained results suggest the dependency of the resistance and durability loss of high-strength concrete against sulfuric acid attack to the properties of fibers as well as their fraction in concrete volume. Moreover, compared with using nano-silica, using silica fume in the fibrous concrete mix leads to more durable specimens against sulfuric acid attack. Finally, an optimum solution for the design parameters where the crushing load of high-strength fibrous concrete is maximized was found using response surface method (RSM).
Key Words
    sulfuric acid attack; fibers; silica fume; nano-silica; ultrasonic test; crushing load; high-strength concrete; response surface method; optimization
Mahdi Nematzadeh and Saber Fallah-Valukolaee: Department of Civil Engineering, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

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