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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 63, Number 3, August10 2017, pages 281-292

Distribution of strength and stiffness in asymmetric wall type system buildings considering foundation flexibility
Gh.R. Atefatdoost, H. Shakib and B. JavidSharifi

    Architecture constraints in buildings may typically cause irregularities in the distribution of stiffness and mass and consequently causes non-compliance of centers of mass, stiffness and strength. Such buildings are known as asymmetric buildings the distribution of strength and stiffness is one of whose main challenges. This distribution is more complicated for concrete buildings with RC shear walls in which stiffness and strength are interdependent parameters. The flexibility under the foundation is another subject that can affect this distribution due to the variation of dynamic properties of the structure and its constituting elements. In this paper, it is attempted to achieve an appropriate distribution pattern by expressing the effects of foundation flexibility on the seismic demand of concrete shear walls and also evaluate the effects of this issue on strength and stiffness distribution among lateral force resistant elements. In order to understand the importance of flexibility in strength and stiffness distribution for an asymmetric building in different conditions of under-foundation flexibility, the assigned value to each of the walls is numerically calculated and eventually a procedure for strength and stiffness distribution dependencies on flexibility is provided.
Key Words
    foundation flexibility; asymmetric buildings; strength and stiffness distribution; strength and stiffness interdependency; yield displacement distribution; wall type system
Gh.R. Atefatdoost: Department of Civil Engineering, Estahban Branch, Islamic Azad University, Estahban, Iran
H. Shakib: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
B. JavidSharifi: Fars Regional Electrical Company (FREC), Shiraz, Iran

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