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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 61, Number 1, January10 2017, pages 31-47
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sem.2017.61.1.031
 


Analysis of fiber-reinforced elastomeric isolators under pure \"warping\"
Seval Pinarbasi and Yalcin Mengi

 
Abstract
    As a relatively new type of multi-layered rubber-based seismic isolators, fiber-reinforced elastomeric isolators (FREIs) are composed of several thin rubber layers reinforced with flexible fiber sheets. Limited analytical studies in literature have pointed out that \"warping\" (distortion) of reinforcing sheets has significant influence on buckling behavior of FREIs. However, none of these studies, to the best knowledge of authors, has investigated their warping behavior, thoroughly. This study aims to investigate, in detail, the warping behavior of strip-shaped FREIs by deriving advanced analytical solutions without utilizing the commonly used \"pressure\", incompressibility, inextensibility and the \"linear axial displacement variation through the thickness\" assumptions. Studies show that the warping behavior of FREIs mainly depends on the (i) aspect ratio (shape factor) of the interior elastomer layers, (ii) Poisson\'s ratio of the elastomer and (iii) extensibility of the fiber sheets. The basic assumptions of the \"pressure\" method as well as the commonly used incompressibility assumption are valid only for isolators with relatively large shape factors, strictly incompressible elastomeric material and nearly inextensible fiber reinforcement.
 
Key Words
    bearing; buckling; distortion; elastomeric isolator; fiber-reinforced isolator; rubber; seismic isolation; warping
 
Address
Seval Pinarbasi: Department of Civil Engineering, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli 41380, Turkey
Yalcin Mengi: Department of Engineering Sciences, Middle East Technical University, Ankara 06531, Turkey
 

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