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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 6, Number 3, April 1998, pages 305-325
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sem.1998.6.3.305
 


Minimum stiffness of bracing for multi-column framed structures
Aristizabal-Ochoa JD

 
Abstract
    A method that determines the minimum stiffness of baracing to achieve non-sway buckling conditions at a given story level of a multi-column elastic frame is proposed. Condensed equations that evaluate the required minimum stiffness of the lateral and torsional bracing are derived using the classical stability functions. The proposed method is applicable to elastic framed structures with rigid, semirigid, and simple connections. It is shown that the minimum stiffness of the bracing required by a multi-column system depends on: 1) the plan layout of the columns; 2) the variation in height and cross sectional properties among the columns; 3) the applied axial load pattern on the columns; 4) the lack of symmetry in the loading pattern, column layout, column sizes and heights that cause torsion-sway and its effects on the flexural bucking capacity; and 5) the flexural and torsional end restrains of the columns. The proposed method is limited to elastic framed structures with columns of doubly symmetrical cross section with their principal axes parallel to the global axes. However, it can be applied to inelastic structures when the nonlinear behavior is concentrated at the end connections. The effects of axial deformations in beams and columns are neglected. Three examples are presented in detail to show the effectiveness of the proposed method.
 
Key Words
    buckling, bracing, building codes, columns, construction types, computer applications, frames, loads, P-Delta effects, reinforced concrete, seismic loads, steel, stability
 
Address
Aristizabal-Ochoa JD, Natl Univ, Sch Mines, Medellin AA 75267, Colombia
Natl Univ, Sch Mines, Medellin AA 75267, Colombia
 

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