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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 59, Number 5, September10 2016 , pages 853-866
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2016.59.5.853
 


Reliability studies on RC beams exposed to fire based on IS456:2000 design methods
Aneesha Balaji, M.S. Aathira, T.M. Madhavan Pillai and Praveen Nagarajan

 
Abstract
    This paper examines a methodology for computing the probability of structural failure of reinforced concrete beams subjected to fire. The significant load variables considered are dead load, sustained live load and fire temperature. Resistance is expressed in terms of moment capacity with random variables taken as yield strength of steel, concrete class (or grade of concrete), beam width and depth. The flexural capacity is determined based on the design equations recommended in Indian standard IS456:2000. Simplified method named 500oC isotherm method detailed in Eurocode 2 is incorporated for fire design. A transient thermal analysis is conducted using finite element software ANSYS(R) Release15. Reliability is evaluated from the initial state to 4h of fire exposure based on the first order reliability method (FORM). A procedure is coded in MATLAB for finding the reliability index. This procedure is validated with available literature. The effect of various parameters like effective cover, yield strength of steel, grade of concrete, distribution of reinforcement bars and aggregate type on reliability indices are studied. Parameters like effective cover of concrete, yield strength of steel has a significant effect on reliability of beams. Different failure modes like limit state of flexure and limit state of shear are checked.
 
Key Words
    reinforced concrete; fire exposure; reliability index; failure modes; IS456:2000
 
Address
Aneesha Balaji, M.S. Aathira, T.M. Madhavan Pillai and Praveen Nagarajan: Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Calicut, India
 

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