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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 58, Number 5, June10 2016, pages 869-886

Non-deformable support system application at tunnel-34 of Ankara-Istanbul high speed railway project
C.O. Aksoy, G.G. Uyar, E. Posluk, K. Ogul, I. Topal and K. Kucuk

    Non-Deformable Support System (NDSS) is one of the support system analysis methods. It is likely seen as numerical analysis. Obviously, numerical modeling is the key tool for this system but not unique. Although the name of the system makes you feel that there is no deformation on the support system, it is not true. The system contains some deformation but in certain tolerance determined by the numerical analyses. The important question is what is the deformation tolerance? Zero deformation in the excavation environment is not the case, actually. However, deformation occurred after supporting is important. This deformation amount will determine the performance of the applied support. NDSS is a stronghold analysis method applied in full to make this work. While doing this, NDSS uses the properties of rock mass and material, various rock mass failure criteria, various material models, different excavation geometries, like other methods. The thing that differ NDSS method from the others is that NDSS makes analysis using the time dependent deformation properties of rock mass and engineering judgement. During the evaluation process, NDSS gives the permission of questioning the field observations, measurements and timedependent support performance. These transactions are carried out with 3-dimensional numeric modeling analysis. The goal of NDSS is to design a support system which does not allow greater deformation of the support system than that calculated by numerical modeling. In this paper, NDSS applied to the problems of Tunnel 34 of the same Project (excavated with NATM method, has a length of 2218 meters), which is driven in graphite schist, was illustrated. Results of the system analysis and insitu measurements successfully coincide with each other.
Key Words
    non-deformable support system; weak rock mass; tunneling; tunnel support; support analysis
C.O. Aksoy: Department of Mining Engineering, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
G.G. Uyar: Department of Mining Engineering, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
E. Posluk, K. Ogul: Turkish Republic National Railway, Eskişehir, Turkey
I. Topal: Department of Mining Engineering, Dumlupinar University, Kutahya, Turkey

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