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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 57, Number 5, March10 2016, pages 937-949

Numerical simulation of concrete beams reinforced with composite GFRP-Steel bars under three points bending
Ahmed S. Elamary and Rafik K. Abd-ELwahab

Abstract     [Full Text]
    Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) applications in the structural engineering field include concrete- FRP composite systems, where FRP components are either attached to or embedded into concrete structures to improve their structural performance. This paper presents the results of an analytical study conducted using finite element model (FEM) to simulate the behavior of three-points load beam reinforced with GFRP and/or steel bars. To calibrate the FEM, a small-scale experimental program was carried out using six reinforced concrete beams with 200x200 mm cross section and 1000 mm length cast and tested under three point bending load. The six beams were divided into three groups, each group contained two beams. The first group was a reference beams which was cast without any reinforcement, the second group concrete beams was reinforced using GFRP, and the third group concrete beams was reinforced with steel bars. Nonlinear finite element simulations were executed using ANSYS software package. The difference between the theoretical and experimental results of beams vertical deflection and beams crack shapes were within acceptable degree of accuracy. Parametric study using the calibrated model was carried out to evaluate two parameters (1) effect of number and position of longitudinal main bars on beam behavior; (2) performance of concrete beam with composite longitudinal reinforcement steel and GFRP bars.
Key Words
    GFRP bars; concrete beams; finite element model; composite reinforcement
Ahmed S. Elamary: Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineer, Al-Azhar University, Qena, Egypt
Rafik K. Abd-ELwahab: Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineer, Al-Azhar University, Qena, Egypt

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