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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 46, Number 4, May25 2013, pages 549-569
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sem.2013.46.4.549
 


Analytical and experimental study on aerodynamic control of flutter and buffeting of bridge deck by using mechanically driven flaps
Duc - Huynh Phan and Hiroshi Kobayshi

 
Abstract
    A passive control using flaps will be an alternative solution for flutter stability and buffeting response of a long suspension bridge. This method not only enables a lightweight economic stiffening girder without an additional stiffness for aerodynamic stability but also avoid the problems from the malfunctions of control systems and energy supply system of an active control by winglets and flaps. A time domain approach for predicting the coupled flutter and buffeting response of bridge deck with flaps is investigated. First, the flutter derivatives of bridge deck and flaps are found by experiment. Next, the derivation of time domain model of self-excited forces and control forces of sectional model is reported by using the rational function approximation. Finally, the effectiveness of passive flap control is investigated by the numerical simulation. The results show that the passive control by using flaps can increase the flutter speed and decrease the buffeting response. The experiment results are matched with numerical ones.
 
Key Words
    flutter, buffeting, suspension bridge, passive control, flaps, rational function approximation
 
Address
Duc - Huynh Phan : Department of Civil Engineering, the University of Education and Technology, VietNam
Hiroshi Kobayshi : Ritsumeikan University, Japan
 

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