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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 39, Number 2, July25 2011, pages 241-266

Theoretical and experimental serviceability performance of SCCs connections
Ali Akbar Maghsoudi

    The Self Compacting Concrete, SCC is the new generation type of concrete which is not needed to be compacted by vibrator and it will be compacted by its own weight. Since SCC is a new innovation and also the high strength self compacting concrete, HSSCC behavior is like a brittle material, therefore, understanding the strength effect on the serviceability performance of reinforced self compacting concretes is critical. For this aim, first the normal and high strength self compacting concrete, NSSCC and HSSCC was designed. Then, the serviceability performance of reinforced connections consisting of NSSCC and HSSCC were investigated. Twelve reinforced concrete connections (L = 3 m, b = 0.15 m, h = 0.3 m) were simulated, by this concretes, the maximum and minimum reinforcement ratios p and p\' (percentage of tensile and compressive steel reinforcement) are in accordance with the provision of the ACI-05 for conventional RC structures. This study was limited to the case of bending without axial load, utilizing simple connections loaded at mid span through a stub (b = 0.15 m, h = 0.3 m, L = 0.3 m) to simulate a beam-column connection. During the test, concrete and steel strains, deflections and crack widths were measured at different locations along each member. Based on the experimental readings and observations, the cracked moment of inertia (Icr) of members was determined and the results were compared with some selective theoretical methods. Also, the flexural crack widths of the members were measured and the applicability for conventional vibrated concrete, as for ACI, BS and CSA code, was verified for SCCs members tested. A comparison between two Codes (ACI and CSA) for the theoretical values cracking moment is indicate that, irrespective of the concrete strength, for the specimens reported, the prediction values of two codes are almost equale. The experimental cracked moment of inertia (Icr)exp is lower than its theoretical (Icr)th values, and therefore theoretically it is overestimated. Also, a general conclusion is that, by increasing the percentage of p, the value of Icr is increased.
Key Words
    SCCs; connection; neutral axis; crack width; cracked moment of inertia; serviceability
Ali Akbar Maghsoudi: Department of Civil Engineering, University of Kerman & International Center for Science,
High Technology & Environmental Sciences, Kerman, Iran

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