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Structural Engineering and Mechanics   Volume 36, Number 4, November10 2010, pages 499-511
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2010.36.4.499
 
Seismic response of concrete gravity dam-ice covered reservoir-foundation interaction systems
K. Haciefendioglu, A. Bayraktar and T. Turker

 
Abstract     [Buy Article]
    This paper examines the ice cover effects on the seismic response of concrete gravity damreservoir-foundation interaction systems subjected to a horizontal earthquake ground motion. ANSYS program is used for finite element modeling and analyzing the ice-dam-reservoir-foundation interaction system. The ice-dam-reservoir interaction system is considered by using the Lagrangian(displacementbased) fluid and solid-quadrilateral-isoparametric finite elements. The Sar yar concrete gravity dam in Turkey is selected as a numerical application. The east-west component of Erzincan earthquake, which occurred on 13 March 1992 in Erzincan, Turkey, is selected for the earthquake analysis of the dam. Dynamic analyses of the dam-reservoir-foundation interaction system are performed with and without ice cover separately. Parametric studies are done to show the effects of the variation of the length, thickness, elasticity modulus and density of the ice-cover on the seismic response of the dam. It is observed that the variations of the length, thickness, and elasticity modulus of the ice-cover influence the displacements and stresses of the coupled system considerably. Also, the variation of the density of the ice-cover cannot produce important effects on the seismic response of the dam.
 
Key Words
    concrete gravity dam; ice cover; fluid-structure interaction; earthquakes response; finite element method; Lagrangian approach.
 
Address
K. Haciefendioglu: Department of Civil Engineering, Ondokuz May s University, Samsun, Turkey
A. Bayraktar: Department of Civil Engineering, Ondokuz May s University, Samsun, Turkey
T. Turker: Department of Civil Engineering, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
 

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