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Structural Engineering and Mechanics
  Volume 28, Number 2, January30 2008, pages 221-238
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sem.2008.28.2.221
 


Buckling of fully and partially embedded non-prismatic columns using differential quadrature and differential transformation methods
S. Rajasekaran

 
Abstract
    Numerical solution to buckling analysis of beams and columns are obtained by the method of differential quadrature (DQ) and harmonic differential quadrature (HDQ) for various support conditions considering the variation of flexural rigidity. The solution technique is applied to find the buckling load of fully or partially embedded columns such as piles. A simple semi- inverse method of DQ or HDQ is
proposed for determining the flexural rigidities at various sections of non-prismatic column ( pile) partially and fully embedded given the buckling load , buckled shape and sub-grade reaction of the soil. The obtained results are compared with the existing solutions available from other numerical methods and analytical results. In addition, this paper also uses a recently developed technique, known as the differential transformation (DT) to determine the critical buckling load of fully or partially supported heavy prismatic piles as well as fully supported non-prismatic piles. In solving the problem, governing differential equation is converted to algebraic equations using differential transformation methods (DT) which must be solved together with applied boundary conditions. The symbolic programming package, Mathematica is ideally suitable to solve such recursive equations by considering fairly large number of terms.
 
Key Words
    column; stability; embedded piles; differential quadrature; semi-inverse approach; differential transformation.
 
Address
S. Rajasekaran: Infrastructure Engineering, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore . 641004, Tamilnadu, India
 

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